Typically, interior design is split in to a basic outline of fundamentals. I say typically because there are no rules or laws to the creative process encapsulated by the interior design profession. I consider these more as loose principles or guidelines since there are infinite varieties of personality, feeling, and knowledge that can alter any part. Below I have discussed what I believe are the five most important aspects of interior design.
“The essence of the beautiful is unity in variety” – W. Somerset Maugham
Unity is first on our list. You have to view a project as various rooms and areas that link together a whole structure or home. This usually requires developing a theme or style that runs true throughout the entire place. This doesn’t mean that everything looks the same but instead each element compliments the other. One example of how to do this is through the use of color schemes.
Second is focal point. To avoid a plain or boring room, a focal point’s used. We use more than one point of focus if the area is big enough. Focal points are dominate objects that pull a viewer’s attention in for a closer look. However, they also flow with the surrounding décor in size and/or color to support an existing theme.
“Design is a challenge to balance comfort with luxury, the practical with the desirable” – Donna Karan
Next on our list is balance. This is probably best described as aesthetically pleasing distribution of visual weight in an area. We create balance through symmetrical placement of objects on each side of a room that compare in size or attraction. This leads us to the next item.
“Commonsense is the realized sense of proportion” – Gandhi
As mentioned before, objects that compare in size as a part of balance are proportionate. Proportion is one of the most important factors to consider when doing interior design. If this item isn’t applied appropriately it completely ruins an otherwise successful project.
“Color is my day-long obsession, joy and torment” – Monet
Last but not least is color. Colors influence moods and emotions in people. This is another very important part of the interior design equation. Creating an even flow of energy and light through a place using colors that work with the rest of the surroundings is a challenging task to carry out.
These are five basic fundamentals that are part of any successful interior design project. Each of these items can easily be expanded on far beyond my explanation. Also, they’re all connected just as an interior design project would be. We do one by using the other.